The National Lion Action Plan calls for a variety of targets to be met to ensure that viable lion populations can be maintained within Ethiopia.  Alchemy World will establish a project in Awash National Park using responsible development principles to meet the identified action plan targets for one designated lion conservation unit (LCU).  The intention is that this model can then be replicated to other LCUs within Ethiopia until all targets of the National Action Plan have been achieved. 


The project aims to undertake the following activities in the designated LCU and to prepare an LCU specific action plan for future activities:


  1. To assess the number and distribution of lions throughout the LCU

    1. Identify and procure appropriate equipment for lion surveys.

    2. Train personnel in data capture, management and analysis.

    3. Carry out lion surveys throughout known and possible lion range

    4. Provide such data to a national database

    5. Disseminate information to appropriate stakeholders


  1. To ensure continuous monitoring of lion trends, habitat quality, other carnivores and prey base throughout lion range.

    1. Undertake wildlife census, socio-economic data and habitat assessment.          

    2. Develop and set up mechanisms for monitoring

    3. Identify and procure appropriate equipment

    4. Formulate a monitoring team

    5. Provide such data to a national database

    6. Disseminate information to appropriate stakeholders


  1. To implement capacity-building programs for lion conservation and management in the LCU


  1. To conduct research on lion ecology and the relation with communities in the LCU

    1. Identify and prioritize biological and socio-ecological research needs

    2. Identify research groups

    3. Identify and procure appropriate equipment and funding

    4. Develop and carry out research projects in identified areas and aspects

    5. Document research results and disseminate information to appropriate stakeholders


  1. To create a database on human-lion conflict in and around the LCU

    1. Develop database and data collection protocols to collect all data of lion attacks on livestock, humans and retaliatory lion killings.

    2. Collect and collate all existing and future data on lion attacks on livestock, humans and retaliatory lion killings.

    3. Make database available to all stakeholders


  1. Reduce significantly incidents of lion attacks on livestock and people as well as retaliatory killings without affecting lion population viability, measured against a baseline

    1. Develop and implement a public awareness and education package on lion conservation to increase people’s vigilance towards lions

    2. Develop non-lethal mitigation strategies to reduce livestock predation by lions (eg. Lion-proof enclosures and better livestock husbandry); using manuals and techniques developed elsewhere (e.g. IUCN African Lion Working Group)

    3. Develop and implement effective problem animal control (PAC) protocols, including non-lethal alternatives

    4. Demonstrate government agencies' ability to deal with problem animals in a swift and effective manner

    5. Lobby and disseminate information to reduce availability and use of poisons illegally used to kill wildlife


  1. Maximize the benefits of lion conservation and ensure equitable distribution of the same to communities and other stakeholders.         

    1. Create inventory of stakeholders directly affected by lion conservation in the LCU

    2. Identify impacts and their magnitude on each stakeholder group

    3. Consult identified stakeholders on modality of benefit sharing

    4. Determine the scope and scale of key activities on benefit sharing

    5. Identify 'best practices' and integrate as appropriate

    6. Create transparent mechanisms for equitable distribution of lion related /generated income to identified stakeholders

    7. Identify income generated from lion conservation

    8. Distribute generated income according to intensity of lion impact

    9. Provide appropriate incentives for people in high conflict areas to assist in sustainable management of the lion population

    10. Publish annual audit reports

    11. Review plan annually and amend where necessary


  1. To ensure that all land use Plans and Strategies and wildlife laws do not negatively impact, and if possible contribute to, lion conservation in the LCU


  1. To prevent illegal trade in lion and lion products

    1. Ensure enforcement of legislation regarding trade in lions, lion products and derivatives in from the LCU

    2. Train law enforcement officers (wildlife custom police) to identify lion products and understand legislation relevant to lion

    3. Produce awareness posters at exit and entry points

    4. Collect and analyze relevant information on illegal trade of lions from the LCU